Reconstructing an Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation Index
Temperatures in the Pacific Ocean shift between warm and cold periods every few decades or so. Understanding what drives these shifts is crucial for predicting our future climate, but our current knowledge is limited due to short observational records which only capture a few of these warm and cold cycles. In this study, we used four ice core records from around the Pacific Basin, including from the tropics and the high latitudes, to determine the history of Pacific Ocean temperatures over the last 550 years. Our future work will explore how these long-term shifts in ocean temperatures influence shorter-term events such as an El Niño.
Learn More About Ice Cores
Stacy provides an overview for students of ice cores and how they allow scientists to understand conditions of Earth's atmosphere in the past. Toward the end of the video, she introduces students to three challenges in looking at ice core data collected from Western Greenland.